Economic and Social Development in Pacific Asia (Growth Economies of Asia Series)

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Geopolitical analysis for 2019: Asia Pacific

Although the sharp Although the sharp devaluation of the East Asian currencies contributed, in part, to improve the economic situation of some groups, many of whom were relatively poor before the crisis, the most vulnerable households were apparently urban, dependent on fixed incomes, in sectors closely linked to the financial formal economy. Conversely, rural households, appear better protected, to the extent that the impact was cushioned by their agricultural activities.

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Given that poverty was concentrated in rural areas before the crisis, the "old poor" do not appear to be shouldering a disproportionate burden of the crisis. In Indonesia, data indicates that average per capita household expenditure in urban areas fell to an estimated forty percent over the past year, while the median declined by only six per cent, suggesting that it was primarily the non-poor who reduced their consumption levels. Similarly, in Thailand per capita income declined to an average five percent, but increased prices of agricultural products, mitigated adversity on rural households, despite a worsening income distribution among farmers, directly as a result of the crisis.

Freedom of movement is implemented among the members no visa requirements. Common Economic Space was launched on 1 January Its task is to grant Eurasian patents.

Economy of Asia - Wikipedia

The purposes of Euratom are to create a specialist market for nuclear power and distribute it through the Community and to develop nuclear energy and sell surplus to non-Community States. Its mission was to support the formerly communist countries in the process of establishing their private sectors. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union EU and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries.

The organization also represents, leads and serves the airline industry in general. Established in as the original institution of the World Bank Group, IBRD is structured like a cooperative that is owned and operated for the benefit of its member countries. We also offer an influential and respected channel for supplying business leadership to help governments manage those shifts in a collaborative manner for the benefit of the world economy as a whole.

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 12222: Ambitions beyond growth

The IEA's four main areas of focus are: energy security, economic development, environmental awareness, and engagement worldwide. Established in , IFC is owned by member countries, a group that collectively determines our policies. Our work in more than a developing countries allows companies and financial institutions in emerging markets to create jobs, generate tax revenues, improve corporate governance and environmental performance, and contribute to their local communities. The Interstate Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification of the Commonwealth of Independence States CIS is the CIS Intergovernmental body for formulation and carrying out of coordinated policy in the field of standardization, metrology and certification.

Its mission is to promote foreign direct investment FDI into developing countries to help support economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve people's lives.

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The NEA mission is to assist its member countries in maintaining and further developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for a safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.

To provide authoritative assessments and to forge common understandings on key issues as input to government decisions on nuclear energy policy and to broader OECD policy analyses in areas such as energy and sustainable development. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We work with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change.


We measure productivity and global flows of trade and investment. We analyse and compare data to predict future trends.

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We set international standards on a wide range of things, from agriculture and tax to the safety of chemicals. Supports economic development and regional cooperation by providing trade and project financing, guarantees, and equity for development projects supporting both public and private enterprises in its member countries. Among the issues investigated are the impact of population on productivity and innovation; economic structure; saving, investment, and international capital flows; international labor migration; human resource development; the distribution of income; and the economic status of women.

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Understanding the connections between demographic change and the economy also sheds light on the future of East Asia. Many of the demographic changes examined here are persistent in nature and will influence the economies of East Asia for many decades. When East Asia's recent financial crisis has become a distant memory, demographic forces will still be exerting a deep and fundamental influence. With the exception of Japan, demographic conditions favor strong economic growth for several more decades.

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Only time will tell if the countries of East Asia will seize these continuing opportunities. Details and ordering information at Stanford University Press. The book reaches the decisive conclusion that population matters, and that age structure contributed dramatically to East Asia's stunning economic performance. The subtitle of this book is well chosen. East Asian countries did indeed meet challenges and seize opportunities. Whether other developing regions will follow suit is an important and still unsettled question.

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